C. Huygensstraat #8
Dutch West Indies
Tel: (297) 592-9393
Bräutigam, A. and K. L. Eckert. 2006. Turning the Tide: Exploitation, Trade and Management of Marine Turtles in the Lesser Antilles, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.
Provisions for implementing the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) were included in the Landsbesluit in-en Uitvoerverbod Bedreigde Dieren en Planten (Import and Export of Animals and Plants Decree), AB 1991, No. 102, but the Decree was withdrawn from consideration with passage of the Natuurbescherming Beschermingsverordening of 1995, which made it possible to: protect indigenous fauna and flora; designate nature reserves; and prohibit trade, import, export, possession (dead or alive), killing or wounding of species listed in the Appendices of CITES or the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW Protocol) to the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region, or Cartagena Convention. Aruba’s CITES-implementing legislation is under review as part of the CITES National Legislation Project (dependent territories have recently been included in the Project). The deadline for having adequate CITES-implementing legislation enacted in the case of Aruba is 30 September 2006 (Anon., 2004; S. Nash, Chief, Capacity Building Unit, CITES Secretariat, in litt. to J. Gray, TRAFFIC International, 21 September 2005) It is expected that at some point the Natuurbescherming Beschermingsverordening will replace the Marien Milieuverordening Aruba, but at present both remain in force (E. van der Wal and R. van der Wal, in litt., 28 October 2004).
There is no legislation in place in Aruba for coastal zone management, including for the designation of marine protected areas. Two decrees are in process, however, under the aegis of the Natuurbescherming Beschermingsverordening of 1995: the Landsbesluit Parke Marino Aruba and the Landsbesluit Parke Natural Spaans Lagoen, intended to designate the waters entirely surrounding Aruba as a marine park (using the Bonaire Marine Park as a model) and, independently, to confer protection to the unique ecosystem of Spaans Lagoon, a designated Ramsar Convention site since May 1980. These decrees also provide a national coastal zone management framework, including a coastal zone management authority. These decrees were expected to be finalized and adopted by Parliament before the end of the legislative session in September 2005 (B. Boekhoudt, Ministry of Labour, Culture and Sports, pers. comm., 18 November 2004). Pending their enactment, an interagency task force has been co-ordinating relevant activities and making recommendations.
The Landsverordening openbare wateren en stranden (Public Waters and Beaches Ordinance), AB 1987, No. 123, prohibits, inter alia, driving on beaches and disposal of solid waste materials on beaches and in public waters.
Bräutigam, A. and Eckert, K.L. (2006). Turning the Tide: Exploitation, Trade and Management of Marine Turtles in the Lesser Antilles, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.
Debrot, A. O., N. Esteban, R. Le Scao, A. Caballero, and P. C. Hoetjes. 2005. New sea turtle nesting records for the Netherlands Antilles provide impetus to conservation action. Caribbean Journal of Science. 41(2):334-339.
van Buurt, G. 1984. National Report for the Netherlands Antilles. Pp. 329–333. In: P. Bacon et al. (Eds). Proceedings of the Western Atlantic Turtle Symposium, 17–22 July 1983, San José, Costa Rica, III, Appendix 7. University of Miami Press, Florida.
van der Wal, E. and R. van der Wal. 2003. Monitoring the west coast of Aruba. Pp. 170–171. In: J.A. Seminoff (Compiler), Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-503. US Department of Commerce.
Zeinstra, L.W.M. 2002. Census of sea turtle nests on Aruba, specifically on the northeast coast. Prepared by CARET: Conservation and Research of Sea Turtles on Aruba. Oranjestad, Aruba. 27 pp.