For in depth detail and further resources on sea turtle care and medicine please visit Sea Turtle Guardian
Sea turtles are ancient reptiles adapted to life in the ocean, but when they become sick or injured they often float listlessly at the surface or drift ashore where they are vulnerable to predators and exposure. Thousands, perhaps tens of thousands, of Caribbean sea turtles die every year as a result of marine debris ingestion (for example, mistaking plastic bags for jellyfish), accidental capture and drowning (as a result of netting or hooking), boat strikes and oil spills, and injuries of various kinds.
Delegates from more than 30 Caribbean nations and territories unanimously agreed at the 2004 Annual General Meeting of WIDECAST that a “Sea Turtle Trauma Response Corps” (STTRC) should be created to strengthen and coordinate the efforts of people throughout the Wider Caribbean Region to respond to sea turtles in crisis, whether at sea or stranded on the shoreline. The Meeting envisioned that the STTRC would embrace interested sea turtle project staff and volunteers; veterinarians; zoos, aquaria and “animal rescue” center staff; divers, fishermen and coastal residents; and park and natural resource managers.
WIDECAST Country Coordinators are working to develop and coordinate local and national networks of people trained to respond to sick and injured sea turtles; maintain communication channels to facilitate emergency assistance; and ensure full compliance with national permit requirements relative to conducting necropsies, collecting and storing tissue samples, holding sea turtles captive for the purposes of rehabilitation, etc.
In recent years, WIDECAST has convened or sponsored more than a dozen training seminars, workshops, and technical courses on veterinary topics, as well as researched and published handbooks of best practices with regard to first response and care during periods of rehabilitation. A manual to guide veterinarians during clinical procedures is currently under development. Finally, partnerships with sea turtle hospitals and rescue centers throughout the region are being developed to provide and promote opportunities for internships and staff exchanges.
For updated information on training, documents, and other resources available from the STTRC, and how to become involved in your area, please visit this site often.
University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine: “Sea Turtle Biopsy and Necropsy Techniques”; includes a comprehensive Necropsy Report Form
ACCSTR: “Hematocrit and Plasma Biochemical Data for Sea Turtles in Florida”
US Fish and Wildlife Service: “Standard Conditions for Care and Maintenance of Captive Sea Turtles” (2019)
US NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service: “Careful Release Protocols for Sea Turtle Release with Minimal Injury” (Stokes and Bergmann 2019)
US NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service: “Recommendations for Field Response, Captive Management, and Rehabilitation of Sea Turtles with Fibropapillomatosis” (Stacy et al. 2017)
ASIH/HL/SSAR: “Guidelines for Use of Live Amphibians and Reptiles in Field Research” (2004)
UNEP Mediterranean Action Plan: “Guidelines to Improve the Involvement of Marine Rescue Centres for Marine Turtles” (RAC/SPA 2004)
US NOAA National Ocean Service: “Oil and Sea Turtles: Biology, Planning, and Response” (Shigenaka et al. 2021)
UNEP Mediterranean Action Plan, “Sea Turtle Handling Guidebook for Fishermen” (Gerosa and Aureggi 2001)
MARVET: Marine Veterinary Medicine
Sea Turtle Hospitals
Georgia Sea Turtle Center (Jekyll Island, Georgia)
Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center (Topsail, N. Carolina)
Loggerhead Marine Life Center (Juno Beach, Florida)
Mote Marine Laboratory: Sea Turtle Hospital (Sarasota, Florida)