Nature Foundation St. Maarten
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Cole Bay, Sint Maarten
Tel: (721) 544-4267
Bräutigam, A. and K. L. Eckert. 2006. Turning the Tide: Exploitation, Trade and Management of Marine Turtles in the Lesser Antilles, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.
There are no specific island-level regulations governing the exploitation of marine turtles in Sint Maarten. The Eilandsverordering Natuurbeheer en-Bescherming, nr. 25 (Island Nature Ordinance), adopted in September 2003, is framework legislation that invokes the commitments of the Netherlands Antilles in relation to the SPAW Protocol, CITES and other international obligations and, thus, protects marine turtles and other species covered in those agreements, but makes no specific provisions. Until this legislation was passed, the Netherlands Antilles National Nature Conservation Ordinance, which entered into force in April 2001, was understood to apply and, thus, to provide full legal protection for marine turtles in Sint Maarten (NFSM, 2002; L. Brown, Environmental Department of Sint Maarten-VROM, in litt., 12 August 2002).
Although the general protections conferred through the National Nature Conservation Ordinance and Island Nature Ordinance are important, according to NFSM (2002; A. Caballero, pers. comm., 29 March 2005), dependence on CITES, the SPAW Protocol and other international mandates is not an adequate basis for local marine turtle management, whether it be controlling exploitation or protecting important sites. A marine park ordinance, which would formally designate the Sint Maarten Marine Park, its zoning plan, and their management parameters, is still in draft form and, thus, has not yet been adopted (A. Caballero, in litt., 23 March 2005).
Harrison, E., D. Vissenberg and R. Van Dam. Satellite tracking in the Windward Island of the Netherlands Antilles.
Synbesma, J. 1992. Sea Turtle Recovery Action Plan for the Netherlands Antilles. (K. L. Eckert, Editor) UNEP Caribbean Environment Program. CEP Technical Report No. 11. 63 pp.
van Buurt, G. (1984). National Report for the Netherlands Antilles. Pp. 329–336. In: P. Bacon et al. (Eds). Proceedings of the First Western Atlantic Turtle Symposium, San José, Costa Rica, July 1983, III, Appendix 7. University of Miami Press.